关键词：explanations, decline of the Harappan Civilisation
精准定位原文：C段第一句：“Some have claimed that major glacier-fed rivers changed their course, dramatically affecting the water supply and agriculture; or that the cities could not cope with an increasing population, they exhausted their resource base, the trading economy broke down or they succumbed to invasion and conflict; and yet others that climate change caused an environmental change that affected food and water provision.”
解题思路：C段最初就刚开始提及相近major glacier-fed rivers, affecting the water supply等一直到climate change… affected food and water provision等,全是有关Harappan文明行为没落的表述,故答案为C.
关键词：a present-day application, archaeological research findings
精准定位原文：H段最终一句：“By investigating responses to environmental pressures and threats, we can learn from the past to engage with the public, and the relevant governmental and administrative bodies, to be more proactive in issues such as the management and administration of water supply, the balance of urban and rural development, and the importance of preserving cultural heritage in the future.”
解题思路：H段确立提及了the management and administration of water supply, the balance of urban and rural development这种政府部门能够大有作为的方位,跟题目application“运用,应用”同义复述,故答案为H.
关键词：difference, another culture
精准定位原文：A段最终一句：“But their lack of self-imagery - at a time when the Egyptians were carving and painting representations of themselves all over their temples - is only part of the mystery.”
解题思路：A段引出来Harappan文明行为,并最终提及她们lack of self- imagery,缺乏自身肖像,另外提及Egyptians会把自身描绘到temple上,跟题目同义复述,故答案为A.
关键词：Harappan urban design
精准定位原文：B段第二、三句：“As populations increased, cities were built that had great baths, craft workshops, palaces and halls laid out in distinct sectors. Houses were arranged in blocks, with wide main streets and narrow alleyways, and many had their own wells and drainage systems.”
解题思路：原文中的great baths, craft workshops, palaces and halls及其blocks, with wide main streets and narrow alleyways等全是城市规划建设的叙述,与题目同义复述,故答案为B.
关键词：errors, previous archaeologists
精准定位原文：D段第一二句：“A research team led by Petrie, together with Dr Ravindanath Singh of Banaras Hindu University in India, found early in their investigations that many of the archaeological sites were not where they were supposed to be, completely altering understanding of the way that this region was inhabited in the past. When they carried out a survey of how the larger area was settled in relation to sources of water, they found inaccuracies in the published geographic locations of ancient settlements ranging from several hundred metres to many kilometres.”
解题思路：第一句found early in their investigations that many of the archaeological sites were not where they were supposed to be早已刚开始论述,以前是不太好的,第二句下半一部分they found inaccuracies说明发觉了不正确,跟error同义更换,故答案为D.